Anyone Have a Match?

The debt ceiling is coming! The debt ceiling is coming! Not quite Paul Revere but the Treasury market is showing signs that investors are getting concerned about the debt ceiling being reached in mid October as the CBO has warned. If Republicans can’t get a bill through that they have been working on for seven years how will they get the debt ceiling passed through the most polarized congress in history? Months ago we were looking at sweeping changes with the Republicans controlling both houses. Now, instead of tax reform, we are looking at a government shutdown. For once, gridlock in DC may not be so good.

We have been postulating for years that the reason that the economy is not doing well is that interest rates are too low and that there was no threat that interest rates would go higher. Think about it. There has been no incentive to borrow and buy a car, a home or invest in plant and factory. We can “put it off until next year” because we aren’t sure about the economy and rates aren’t going anywhere. We came across this blog post from Epsilon Theory and Dr. Ben Hunt. It is not the common thinking but that is usually where the answer lies.

The reason companies aren’t investing more aggressively in plant and equipment and technology is BECAUSE we have the most accommodative monetary policy in the history of the world, with the easiest money to borrow that corporations have ever seen. Why in the world would management take the risk — and it’s definitely a risk — of investing for real growth when they are so awash in easy money that they can beat their earnings guidance with a risk-free stock buyback?

(As the Fed slowly raises rates) It will force companies to take on more risk. It will force companies to invest more in plant and equipment and technology. It will force companies to pay up for the skilled workers they need.

In exactly the same way that QE was deflationary in practice when it was inflationary in theory, so will the end of QE be inflationary in practice when it is deflationary in theory.

My view: as the tide of QE goes out, the tide of inflation comes in. And the more that the QE tide recedes, the more inflation comes in.

Dr. Ben Hunt Epsilon Theory 

I agree with Dr Hunt that at some point central bankers may be asking – Why is inflation accelerating as we raise rates? How come we cannot contain inflation? In talking to business leaders over the last several years we have not seen many talking up their industry as “hitting on all cylinders”. Last month we spent some time with a leader in the medical device field which he says is booming. Industry players are borrowing for plant and equipment for the first time in years. Combine some tax reform with higher rates and BINGO! That joint is jumping. Central bankers have been pouring gasoline on the pyre for years with no effect. Pushing on a string. Higher rates may be the match and with too much gasoline on the fire inflation may be the result.

Markets have been quiet. A little too quiet. We have read story after story about the volatility trade and how volatility has to spike higher to flaunt this overcrowded trade. We agree but this year has been very quiet. How quiet? This year has seen its largest drawdown of only 2.8% on the S&P 500. That is a far cry from the 14% average. According to LPL, the S&P 500 has not had a drawdown of 5% or more in a calendar year only 5 times in the last 60 years and it has not happened in 30 years. NASDAQ was up 11 straight days until Friday. According to LPL’s Ryan Detrick this has happened 21 times since 1980. The next month on average for the NASDAQ is up 2.6% with 16 of those 21 being positive months.

The tapering of the Fed’s balance sheet looks to be still on schedule to start in September. The debt ceiling is scheduled to be hit in mid October. Short interest is back down to levels last seen in the second quarter of 2007 at the market peak. Equities are at the top of their new range on the S&P 500. For now we see support at 2400 on the S&P 500 with 2475 providing resistance. If they break through resistance then we are off to a new range of 2475-2550. The path of least resistance is higher for now but September looms large. The animal spirits are still in charge as long as the flow of the Fed’s balance sheet is neutral to positive.

If you are not currently receiving our blog by email you can sign up for free at https://terencereilly.wordpress.com/ .

I  think we aspire less to foresee the future and more to be a great contingency planner… you can respond very fast to what’s happening because you thought through all the possibilities, – Lloyd  Blankfein

To learn more about us and Blackthorn Asset Management LLC visit our website at www.BlackthornAsset.com  or check out our LinkedIn page at https://www.linkedin.com/in/terencereilly/ .

A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty. – Winston Churchill

 

Disclosure: This blog is informational and is not a recommendation to buy or sell anything. If you are thinking about investing consider the risk. Everyone’s financial situation is different. Consult your financial advisor.

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Lucy’s Football

Remember Snoopy, Lucy, Charlie Brown and the gang in the Peanuts cartoon? There is the classic scene where Lucy convinces Charlie Brown to trust her and that she won’t take the football away again when he tries to kick it. Well, Lucy took the football away again this week. We have for months seen central banks moving closer to tightening policy and for risk to rise in the market. While members of the FOMC have been out in public in the last few weeks promising tighter policy, Janet Yellen , Chair of the FOMC, went in front of Congress this week and whispered sweet nothings in the ear of the market leading to one of the S&P’s best weeks this year.

In previous communications Yellen warned of the high valuations and the risks that are piling up as asset prices rise. She communicated to markets that financial conditions are getting out of balance and valuations are elevated. Markets seemed to accept the anticipated rate hikes along with a decreasing of the Fed’s balance sheet. Why did “Lucy” backtrack?  Markets are not headed lower. They have only slowed their ascent. Why is she panicking? This tells us all we need to know. ANY move lower in markets will be met with panic from the Federal Reserve under current leadership.

However, while the S&P 500 is having its best performance in months, underneath the surface, markets and internals are diverging. Movements among the large indexes are no longer in sync. We are seeing the large caps rise while mid and small caps refuse to play along. By way of Arthur Cashin’s Letter this week comes a warning from Jason Goepfert of SentimenTrader.

The correlation between the S&P 500 and the three other major indexes is the lowest in 10 years as they each go their own way. This kind of behavior preceded the market peaks in 2000 and 2007, back-to-back up days for the (NASDAQ) Composite while new 52-week lows grew and outnumbered new highs. That has only happened three other times – October 18, 2007, May 18, 2011, and October 27, 2014. The first two preceded major corrections while the latter led to a choppy market that set new highs then gave all the gains back.  7/11/2017

It seems as every day that goes by we read about another big name in the industry warning about a major sell off in the fall of this year. That make us nervous and not how you think. We are anticipating a selloff as well in what we have dubbed our “1987” trade. We have seen plenty of people we respect come around to our thesis. What makes us nervous is that when everyone agrees something else tends to happen.

This week it was JP Morgan CEO Jamie Dimon’s turn.

Central banks would like to provide certainty but “you cannot make things certain that are uncertain,”

All the main buyers of sovereign debt over the last 10 years — financial institutions, central banks, foreign exchange managers — will become net sellers now. 

“That is a very different world you have to operate in, that’s a big change in the tide,” he said. “The tide is going out.”

Ray Dalio Took his turn at the pulpit as well. We can’t help but agree with Dalio as it has been our contention since the dawn of the crisis that central bank largesse would have to end and when it did we would find that pumping money in would be a lot easier than taking it out. You can always buy in markets. You can’t always sell. That’s when risk rises and rises substantially.

For the last nine years, central banks drove interest rates to nil and pumped money into the system creating favorable carries and abundant cash. These actions pushed up asset prices… That era is ending. 

Central bankers have clearly and understandably told us that henceforth those flows from their punch bowls will be tapered rather than increase…..central bankers try to tighten at paces that are exactly right in order to keep growth and inflation neither too hot nor too cold, until they don’t get it right and we have our next downturn. Recognizing that, our responsibility now is to keep dancing but closer to the exit and with a sharp eye on the tea leaves.

Oil seems to be holding above the lows of January 2016 above $40 a barrel. Oil can’t seem to catch fire at the moment and seems range bound between $40-50 a barrel. Any time prices in the oil patch rise more supply comes on the scene. OPEC members are cheating as usual and pumping supply into the marketplace. Keep an eye on financials. Financials and oil could hold the key here. If financials rally the market will run with them. There are only about six more weeks of summer. The tapering of the Fed’s balance sheet looks to be still on schedule to start in September. We believe the market will change when the flow changes. Things are scheduled to start flowing out in September. Equities are still in the middle of the new range on the S&P 500. For now we see support at 2400 on the S&P 500 with 2475 providing resistance.   

If you are not currently receiving our blog by email you can sign up for free at https://terencereilly.wordpress.com/ .

I  think we aspire less to foresee the future and more to be a great contingency planner… you can respond very fast to what’s happening because you thought through all the possibilities, – Lloyd  Blankfein

To learn more about us and Blackthorn Asset Management LLC visit our website at www.BlackthornAsset.com  or check out our LinkedIn page at https://www.linkedin.com/in/terencereilly/ .

A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty. – Winston Churchill

Disclosure: This blog is informational and is not a recommendation to buy or sell anything. If you are thinking about investing consider the risk. Everyone’s financial situation is different. Consult your financial advisor.

Taking Away the Punch Bowl

Happy Anniversary “Darling”!! The 10th anniversary of the GFC

This past month marked the 10th anniversary of the beginning of the Great Financial Crisis (GFC) and the dawn of the Era of Easy Money. It was also a 10 year anniversary for us. Last month marked 10 years since our move to Georgia.  Not a coincidence I assure you. Just for a second let’s take you back to the bubble before the Real Estate bubble- the Internet Bubble. We were on the floor of the NYSE during the great Internet Bubble when stocks went higher every day making college kids in their dorm room paper millionaires. That is until the bubble popped. We had the great fortune of spending our time as part of the team trading Lucent Technologies. In a world where it was usually one trader and one clerk for multiple stocks Lucent was in a league of its own. There were days that were so hectic with historical volume that it would take a team of three clerks and four traders just to handle Lucent. Such was a day in the life of the “Darling” of the Internet Bubble.

The greatest trading lesson of my life was learned through the bursting of the Internet Bubble and Lucent Technologies fall from grace. When bubbles burst things will get as bad as they were once good.  We watched as over the next several years Lucent Technologies traded from $79 all the way down to 79 cents.  Fast forward to 2006. We knew we were in a bubble in real estate in late 2006 when, with each passing week, my wife would tell me how much our house’s value had increased. We know that any object is only worth what someone else is willing to pay for it. We also knew that as the real estate bubble formed it would eventually, also, have to get as bad as it was good…and in 2006 -07 it was very good.

At that time we were following US housing starts as a way to judge the health of the housing market. In the spring of 2007 we noticed that housing starts had peaked the year prior and then they rang the bell. It is a legend on Wall Street that they never ring a bell at the top. Well, this time they did. In March of 2007 New Century Financial was the second largest subprime mortgage broker in the United States. A month later it would declare bankruptcy. We felt that we might be too late to escape from New York. We fortunately caught a buyer and sold our house in New Jersey for an exorbitant price, which according to Zillow it still has not climbed back to. As a side note, Lucent never got back to $79 either. We say this not to brag but as investment lessons learned well. Trees do not grow to the sky, Know when to cut back on your risk and Sometimes, they do ring a bell at the top.

QT

We feel like central bankers are ringing the bell. While US monetary policy is foremost in our minds bankers from Europe to Japan to England to Canada have been promoting the idea that after 10 years of crisis it is time to normalize policy. While central banks have spent the last 10 years injecting liquidity into the system to pump up asset prices they are now talking about taking liquidity out – Quantitative Tightening (QT).  If we have established that the growth in central bank balance sheets around the world has been responsible for the run up in asset prices it stands to reason that any shrinking of those balance sheets would diminish asset prices. Ironically, during our time on Wall Street the phrase QT meant that you had a questionable trade, an error that needed to be resolved and it usually cost you money. The question facing us now is the Federal Reserve making a questionable trade and will it cost you money?

The economy is growing, albeit slowing. The reason growth is slow is due to the immense amount of debt on the United States balance sheet. In their economic paper Growth in a Time of Debt, Carmen M. Reinhart and Kenneth S. Rogoff, demonstrate quite effectively that the rate of growth in an economy shrinks as the level of debt when measured in comparison to GDP rises above a certain level. The slow growth economy in the United States is now being met by a central bank that seeks to raise rates and shrink its own balance sheet. Now instead of a tailwind, our slow growth economy and markets are looking at another headwind.

As we have written in prior posts, the Federal Reserve has been acting since December with the impulse that more stimulative fiscal policy was going to come out of Washington in the post election period. The new administration trumpeted the advent of a new era with tax reform and deregulation at its core which would have been stimulative to the economy. If you recall from previous musings we felt that the Federal Reserve was going to be obligated to get out in front of Trump’s plans or end up behind the curve. The Federal Reserve has indeed sought to get ahead of the curve by applying tighter money policy. Well, Washington is at a standstill and has not provided anything in the way of stimulative fiscal policy.

Given the lack of fiscal stimulus out of Washington, is the Federal Reserve making the ultimate central banker mistake? Are they now tightening into a slowdown? The bond market seems to think so. The yield curve is flattening which indicates that bond investors do not see inflation on the horizon and see subpar growth in the economy. Yet the stock market keeps chugging along. Who is right? Generally, we always go with the bond market.  The Federal Reserve has raised rates three times in seven months while stating that they intend to raise rates again this year and three more times in 2018 while also beginning to decrease the holdings on their balance sheet starting in September of this year.

If the Fed is tightening policy then the logical question is why have rates moved from 2.62% on the US 10 year in March of this year down to the recent lows of 2.15%? Shouldn’t rates be going higher? The reason that rates are lower is that markets, quite simply, do not believe that the Fed will keep tightening and shrinking its balance sheet because the economy is not growing with enough pace and is in danger of hitting stall speed. That is shown in the flattening of the yield curve.

First the US then the World

While the United States is the most influential central bank around the world there is a coterie of central bankers who seem to be talking down asset prices in the last several weeks. They include the vice chairman of the FOMC Stanley Fischer, NY Fed chair William Dudley, John Williams from the San Francisco Federal Reserve, Mario Draghi from the European Central Bank (ECB) and Mark Carney from the Bank of England (BOE).

While we have known for some time that Equity Price Earnings ratios are in the upper quartile historically Stanley Fischer noted last week that “high asset prices may lead to future stability risks”. That is as about as close to saying “sell” as a central banker will come to actually doing so. He went on to say that it would be “foolish” to think that all risks have been eliminated and that it calls for “close monitoring” of rising risk appetites and that the corporate sector is notably leveraged. Yes, that sector is quite notably leveraged because of central bank policy. Historically low rates encouraged corporations to financially maneuver to borrow and buy back stock rather than borrow to grow their companies.  It is quite clear that central bankers are becoming more and more concerned about the levels of asset prices and their current trend ever higher.

The Federal Reserve’s John Williams spoke last week on Australian television and also made mention of the increased appetite for risk as he stated that “there seems to be a priced to perfection attitude out there” and that the stock market rally “seems to be running on fumes”. While John Williams is not a trader we respect his opinion when it comes to excessive risk taking in financial markets. He went on to say that, “as we move interest rates back to more normal; I think that that will, people will pull back on that”. Williams specifically mentioned a reach for yield when speaking of excessive risk taking.

 

“I am somewhat concerned about the complacency in the market. If you look at these measures of uncertainty, like the VIX measure, or other indicators, there seems to be a priced-to-perfection attitude out there”

                                                                                                                                           

The stock market still seems to be running very much on fumes, or is very strong in terms of that, so something that clearly is a risk to the U.S. economy, some correction there, is something that we have to be prepared for, and to respond to, if it does happen” – John Williams SF Fed

when financial conditions ease — as has been the case recently — this can provide additional impetus for the decision to continue to remove monetary policy accommodation. William Dudley NY Federal Reserve

Quite clearly we are seeing a shot across the bow from members of the Federal Reserve. 2018 is going to be a year in which central bank largesse is withdrawn to the tune of approximately $2Trillion. What we have seen so far from the United States central bank represents an opportunistic tightening from the Federal Reserve and a chance to cool down asset pricing while other countries were still pumping liquidity. 2018 represents a backing away from the decade long crisis era emergency policy measures.

Taking Away the Punch bowl

We think what we have here is a good old fashioned game of chicken. We believe that the Fed is raising rates and shrinking its balance sheet for two reasons. One is that they need bullets in the gun for the next recession. The second reason, and where we think the stock market has it wrong, is that the Fed is tightening due to financial conditions and not economic conditions. We believe that the Fed is tightening because asset valuations are becoming excessive. Basically, they are trying to pop the bubble before it gets any bigger.

We believe that the Federal Reserve’s thinking has two main problems. One is that the Fed believes in stock and not flow which means that the Fed believes a big balance sheet helps the market. We believe it is the flow that determines the direction of markets. Flow is the direction in which the Fed and the balance sheet are headed. The Fed also believes that the market will discount their talking points as they move towards QT. Perhaps most importantly, we believe that the market will change when the flow changes.

We believe that is what the bond market is seeing that the stock market does not. The Fed wants markets to cool. The stock market thinks that the Fed will have no stomach for a market downturn as the Fed will be blamed for a recession that they themselves created with tighter monetary conditions. As long as the market expects the Fed to stop tightening because of slowing economic conditions then the market will continue to rally and the Fed will continue to raise rates. Someone is going to blink first.

 There are several possible outcomes. One is that the Fed keeps hiking until something breaks. The conundrum is that if the market believes that the Fed will blink first and stop tightening then the market will continue its rise higher. If the market continues higher then the Fed will be forced to tighten more aggressively. The second possible outcome is that the market blinks and the Fed backs off. We think that the former is still a greater chance than the latter. Animal spirits are in control of the market and it takes longer to kill greed than to kill fear.  Our thesis about a 1987 type market still holds. The animal spirits are in control above 2400 on the S&P 500 and will be encouraged to force prices higher until the actual flow changes in the balance sheet of the Fed with underinvested money managers chasing the market higher along the way. Then the Fed’s hand will be forced to take away the punchbowl as the party rocks ever higher.

It is very difficult to predict market moves especially when Washington is so deeply involved. Our job is not to predict the market but unveil possible scenarios which to prepare for. We have scaled back on risk both in equities and in bond duration while trying to maximize the benefit of our cash positions. When the facts change – we will change.

I think we aspire less to foresee the future and more to be a great contingency planner… you can respond very fast to what’s happening because you thought through all the possibilities, – Lloyd  Blankfein CEO of Goldman Sachs

 Moreover, the years ahead will occasionally deliver major market declines – even panics – that will affect virtually all stocks…During such scary periods, you should never forget two things: First, widespread fear is your friend as an investor, because it serves up bargain purchases. Second, personal fear is your enemy. It will also be unwarranted. Investors who avoid high and unnecessary costs and simply sit for an extended period with a collection of large, conservatively-financed American businesses will almost certainly do well.Warren Buffett

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Terry@BlackthornAsset.com

Blackthorn is an investment adviser registered in the state of Georgia. Blackthorn is primarily engaged in providing discretionary investment advisory services for high net worth individuals.

All information provided herein is for informational purposes only and should not be deemed as a recommendation to buy or sell securities. All investments involve risk including the loss of principal. This transmission is confidential and may not be redistributed without the express written consent of Blackthorn Asset Management LLC and does not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to purchase any security or investment product. Any such offer or solicitation may only be made by means of delivery of an approved confidential offering memorandum.

Published in: on July 2, 2017 at 8:00 am  Leave a Comment  
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The Great Escape

It is a 10 year anniversary for us this week. This week marks 10 years since our move to Georgia. It also marks the 10th anniversary of the dawn of the financial crisis. Not a coincidence I assure you. Having traded through the Internet Bubble and watched Lucent Technologies, which was that bubbles’ “Darling” stock, trade from $79 to 79 cents we knew the real estate market would have also have to get as bad as it was good. And in 2006 -07 it was very good. We foresaw the real estate crisis and sold our house in New Jersey for an exorbitant price which according to Zillow it still has not climbed back to. As a side note, Lucent never got back to $79 either. We say this not to brag but as an investment lesson learned well. Trees do not grow to the sky. Know when to cut back on your risk.

Not much is being made of the 10th Anniversary of the Great Financial Crisis (GFC) but there has been a lot of consternation surrounding the Federal Reserve’s most recent decision and path going forward. If we have established that the growth in central bank balance sheets around the world has been responsible for the run up in asset prices it stands to reason that any shrinking of those balance sheets would diminish asset prices. Here is another timeless lesson of investing. Never fight the Fed. While the Fed has spent the last 10 years injecting liquidity into the system to pump up asset prices it is now talking about taking liquidity out – Quantitative Tightening (QT). Ironically, during our time on Wall Street the phrase QT was a questionable trade, an error that needed to be resolved and it usually cost you money. The question facing us now is the Federal Reserve making a questionable trade and will it cost you money?

The economy is growing, albeit slowing. That is due to the immense amount of debt on the United States balance sheet. This slow growth is now being met by a central bank that seeks to raise rates and shrink its own balance sheet. Now instead of a tailwind, the economy and markets are looking at a headwind. As we have written in prior posts, the Federal Reserve could have been acting since December with the impulse that more stimulative fiscal policy was going to come out of Washington, in the post election period. The new administration Trumpeted the advent of a new era with tax reform and deregulation at its forefront. The Fed sought to get ahead of the curve by applying tighter money policy. Well, Washington is at a standstill and has provided none of the above.

Is the Federal Reserve making the ultimate central banker mistake? Are they tightening into a slowdown? The bond market seems to think so. The yield curve is flattening which indicates that bond investors do not see inflation on the horizon and see subpar growth in the economy. Yet the stock market keeps chugging along. Who is right? Generally, we always go with the bond market.  We believe that the Fed is tightening due to financial conditions and not economic conditions. That is what the stock market is missing. As long as the market expects the Fed to stop tightening because of slowing economic conditions then the market will continue to rally and the Fed will continue raising rates. Someone is going to blink first.

We think that the animal spirits playbook is still alive. Markets have not broken down and still seem to be headed higher. Higher markets may force investors to chase it even higher.

The Federal Reserve’s thinking has two main problems. One is that the Fed believes in stock and not flow which means that the Fed believes a big balance sheet helps the market. We believe it is the flow that determines the direction of markets. Flow is the direction in which the Fed and policy are headed. The Fed also believes that the market will discount their talking points as they move towards QT. We believe that the market will change when the flow changes.

Oil continues to get pounded as it is down 20% from March highs even though things in the Middle East heat up. Oil may try to find a bottom here as oil production will slow below $40 a barrel, at least here in the US. Biotech has had a great week as investors rotate there as the pressure from Washington on that sector seems to have ebbed. Equities are still in the middle of what we anticipate to be the new range on the S&P 500. For now we see support at 2400 on the S&P 500 with 2475 providing resistance. Interest rates may have seen their interim low for awhile.

If you are not currently receiving our blog by email you can sign up for free at https://terencereilly.wordpress.com/ .

I  think we aspire less to foresee the future and more to be a great contingency planner… you can respond very fast to what’s happening because you thought through all the possibilities, – Lloyd  Blankfein

To learn more about us and Blackthorn Asset Management LLC visit our website at www.BlackthornAsset.com  or check out our LinkedIn page at https://www.linkedin.com/in/terencereilly/ .

A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty. – Winston Churchill

Cross Your Fingers

The parade of famous money managers coming out to proclaim that asset valuations are too high continues. This week’s contestants included Paul Singer of Elliott Management and Bill Gross from Janus funds. Speaking at the Bloomberg Invest summit in New York, Bill Gross proclaimed that in regard to US markets as an investor you are “buying high and crossing your fingers”. Bloomberg

Singer had the following to say:

“I don’t think that the fixes that have been put into place have actually created a sound financial system. I don’t believe that confidence is justified in policy makers and central bankers.”

If and when confidence is lost, it could be lost in a very abrupt fashion causing conceivably a ruckus in bond markets, stock markets and in financial institutions.” – Paul Singer

While we agree with the parade of money managers that markets are overvalued, overly complacent and apathetic to growing risks, until markets recognize those risks, assets prices will continue to rise. Here is our next level of thinking on the subject. Singer has just raised $5 billion in ready cash and he is anxious to deploy it. He, like other underinvested money managers, needs lower prices. We think that the animal spirits playbook is still alive. Markets have not broken down and still seem to be headed higher. Higher markets may force investors to chase it even higher.

While there was plenty of potential for fireworks as we came into the week it went out with a real thud. Most eyes were on Thursday and the Comey congressional testimony but it was Friday that provided the only action of the week. In a week that saw the world’s largest natural gas supplier, Qatar, being cut off from supplies and creating food shortages in one of the richest nations on earth, markets didn’t even blink. While the much hyped James Comey testimony and a hung parliament in the United Kingdom election didn’t move markets it was a reevaluation of tech stock prices on Friday that gave the week any life at all. The fireworks were provided by Face book, Amazon and Apple. The street has been making noise that the high flying tech stocks needed a breather and they got that breather on Friday. The key is will we see a real rotation out of tech and growth and into value stocks and the 2017 YTD laggards. We will see next week if that is what we have in store for the summer of 2017.

Equities are still in the middle of what we anticipate to be the new range on the S&P 500. For now we see support at 2400 on the S&P 500 with 2475 providing resistance. Interest rates may have seen their interim low for awhile. Financials and energy were the standout performers on Friday with small and mid cap stocks getting a day in the sun. Small and mid cap stocks have lagged so far in 2017.Perhaps they have further to run if this rotation continues.

If you are not currently receiving our blog by email you can sign up for free at https://terencereilly.wordpress.com/ .

I  think we aspire less to foresee the future and more to be a great contingency planner… you can respond very fast to what’s happening because you thought through all the possibilities, – Lloyd  Blankfein

To learn more about us and Blackthorn Asset Management LLC visit our website at www.BlackthornAsset.com  or check out our LinkedIn page at https://www.linkedin.com/in/terencereilly/ .

A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty. – Winston Churchill

Disclosure: This blog is informational and is not a recommendation to buy or sell anything. If you are thinking about investing consider the risk. Everyone’s financial situation is different. Consult your financial advisor.

The Sun Also Rises

How did you go bankrupt? Two ways. Gradually and then suddenly. – Ernest Hemingway The Sun Also Rises

We have been pointing towards a looming crisis in the municipal finance area. No, this is not a repeat from last week when we talked about the fiscal problems in the great state of Connecticut. It was Illinois’ turn this week to make headlines. The two big ratings agencies, Moody’s and S&P lowered their rating on Illinois to one step above junk as its budget impasse dragged onward. Illinois will likely reach junk status by July of this year. It is now the lowest rated US state ever.

Big banks are complaining that their profit’s are drying up and this is mostly due to Federal Reserve polices. The yield curve is flattening which is stymieing bank’s ability to make money on loans while volatility in markets has dried up pinching trading profits. JP Morgan, Bank of America and Morgan Stanley all warned on profits this week as trading profits are blamed. We expect the Federal Reserve to heed their calls. The yield curve problem may take longer to solve but we should expect the Fed to allow for more volatility in markets. JP Morgan warned on trading in May of 2014. The market continued to march higher another 9% into December of that year.

The head of one of the largest asset managers on the planet, BlackRock’s’ Larry Fink, warned the equity market is not appreciating the message from the Treasury yield curve and we have to agree. The bond market continues to rally with the US 10 Year yielding a paltry 2.15% at week’s end. It is a caution sign that both the bond and stock markets are rallying while the yield curve flattens. Investors may be chasing the stock market a bit as there seems to be some evidence of FOMO. Fear of Missing Out as the market hits new highs. The laggards from 2017 YTD rallied this week and that tells us that money managers are chasing. This plays right into our animal spirits theory and the 1987 scenario. History doesn’t repeat but human beings are susceptible to making the same mistakes over and over again.

Oil had another rough week as it is still below the critical $50 a barrel on West Texas Crude (WTI). New pension and retirement money entered the market as the calendar flipped to the month of June. Equities have broken out of the range that they had been trapped in for the last 3 months. The range of 2330-2400 on the S&P 500 was broken last week and the market extended its move to just below 2440. We expect this breakout to extend to 2475.  For now, volume is low and the trend is your friend.

If you are not currently receiving our blog by email you can sign up for free at https://terencereilly.wordpress.com/ .

I  think we aspire less to foresee the future and more to be a great contingency planner… you can respond very fast to what’s happening because you thought through all the possibilities, – Lloyd  Blankfein

To learn more about us and Blackthorn Asset Management LLC visit our website at www.BlackthornAsset.com  or check out our LinkedIn page at https://www.linkedin.com/in/terencereilly/ .

 

A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty. – Winston Churchill

 

Disclosure: This blog is informational and is not a recommendation to buy or sell anything. If you are thinking about investing consider the risk. Everyone’s financial situation is different. Consult your financial advisor.

 

The Drive Higher

The big story this week was that the Federal Open Market Committee’s (FOMC) minutes were released from its last meeting. In those minutes it becomes clear that the FOMC is looking to reduce its balance sheet. Long time readers know that we feel that it was the increase in that balance sheet that helped greatly influence the stock market rally and raise prices of virtually all asset classes in the post crisis period. Any reduction in that balance sheet would logically have the opposite effect at some point. If the FOMC were to roll off its balance sheet the valuations of equity markets, driven higher due to easy money policies, may not be able to maintain their currently elevated plateau. Earnings alone will not be able to expand market multiples.

The bottom line is that the Fed needs more weapons to fight the next recession. The Fed must reduce its balance sheet before they raise rates further. If they begin to roll off the balance sheet it becomes another weapon for them to use because they can stop and start the process or move it faster or slower. If they remain static it is a liability and not an asset.

We have been pointing towards a looming crisis in the municipal finance area. The latest on our radar is the state of Connecticut. Connecticut’s largest moneymakers have been leaving town and sticking the state with the bill. Big earners know tax law and are incentivized to leave the state for greener pastures of low tax states like Florida. Atlas is shrugging. Courtesy of zero hedge comes the following.

The latest figures showed that tax revenue from the state’s top 100 highest-paying taxpayers declined 45% from 2015 to 2016. The drop adds up to a $200 million revenue loss for Connecticut. Connecticut Tax Cut

Oil had a rough week but it did manage to crawl back and close higher on Friday. It failed to close above the critical $50 a barrel on West Texas Crude (WTI). Equities are breaking out of the range that they has been trapped in for the last 3 months. The range of 2330-2400 on the S&P 500 was broken this week as the market closed on Friday at the 2415 level. This breakout could extend to 2475 if it gets legs. For now, volume is low and the few big leaders are influencing the advance. Summer markets are more prone to sharp moves as investors head to the beach. Our main thesis still holds that the market heads higher post Donald Trump’s victory with a move much akin to 1987.

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I  think we aspire less to foresee the future and more to be a great contingency planner… you can respond very fast to what’s happening because you thought through all the possibilities, – Lloyd  Blankfein

To learn more about us and Blackthorn Asset Management LLC visit our website at www.BlackthornAsset.com  or check out our LinkedIn page at https://www.linkedin.com/in/terencereilly/ .

 

A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty. – Winston Churchill

 

Disclosure: This blog is informational and is not a recommendation to buy or sell anything. If you are thinking about investing consider the risk. Everyone’s financial situation is different. Consult your financial advisor.

 

Trump Troubles

A roller coaster runs up and down spins around and around while finishing where you started and it probably cost you money. – Arthur Cashin

We all rode the rollercoaster this week.  While there was plenty of noise and bluster the market fell less than one half of one percent this week. We feel that the volatility in the market was more about the massive positioning of trader’s being short volatility and not as much about Trump. Trump is just the excuse. Could this be a warning shot across the bow in the crowded volatility trade? Perhaps. Be careful. We are entering a slow period for the market seasonally. There just aren’t as many players around during the summer months and moves could become more pronounced. I, for one, would welcome back some volatility. It keeps investors onsides.

Financials are very important to the bullishness of the US stock market. The yield curve is flattening. That means that the bond market sees the economy slowing and the prospect of higher rates on the long end decreasing. The Fed will not be able to continue to raise rates if the economy is faltering. Financials are probably the most important sector of the stock market. Without financials it is hard to get the index to extend higher. The market is pricing in a June rate hike but chances are diminishing that the Fed will be able to raise rates a third time in 2017. Trump’s troubles make a fiscal bump less likely. If you have followed our blog you know that we made the case that a Trump bump from fiscal stimulus would give the Fed cover to raise rates. If that gets lost in the swamp then it makes the Fed’s job a lot more difficult. Our next point of interest is the Fed’s balance sheet. They are making noise that shrinking it is becoming a priority. That will be a huge factor in 2018.

West Texas crude was able to hold its recent lows and was able to close this week above the psychologically important $50 a barrel level. It could be just a bounce off of the OPEC meeting and Russian compliance or we could be seeing more growth worldwide. Oil has a top on it as if crude goes higher as more shale players will come online capping the price of oil but it is worth watching as an indicator of growth around the world.

Given all that happened this week the market is still stuck in consolidation mode. Emerging markets and Europe have been the place to be but Brazil took a hard shot this week. Keep an eye on Brazil. Impeachment is a strong word. Given the very small sample of US Presidents that have been on the impeachment trail stock markets have not reacted negatively in the longer term based on the impeachment process. Having said that, impeachment is also not likely given that Republicans control the House, that is until the midterm elections in 2018.  It is hard to argue against the bull thesis as the market continues to hold its recent range of 2330-2400 on the S&P 500. Until we break decidedly below 2330 we hold on to the bullish thesis.

If you are not currently receiving our blog by email you can sign up for free at https://terencereilly.wordpress.com/ .

I  think we aspire less to foresee the future and more to be a great contingency planner… you can respond very fast to what’s happening because you thought through all the possibilities, – Lloyd  Blankfein

To learn more about us and Blackthorn Asset Management LLC visit our website at www.BlackthornAsset.com  or check out our LinkedIn page at https://www.linkedin.com/in/terencereilly/ .

 

A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty. – Winston Churchill

 

Disclosure: This blog is informational and is not a recommendation to buy or sell anything. If you are thinking about investing consider the risk. Everyone’s financial situation is different. Consult your financial advisor.

Published in: on May 20, 2017 at 8:24 am  Leave a Comment  
Tags: , , ,

Gradual Squeeze

Local governments are in serious trouble as we are now seeing in Puerto Rico and Connecticut. High taxes, capital flight and pension obligations are going to meet the new order. We see technology and social changes on the horizon that continue to cut out the middle man and the ultimate middle man is government. Driverless cars? No more speeding tickets, DUI’s, parking tickets and lower drug arrests from stopped vehicles. All bring in less revenue for your local and state government. About seven years ago Meredith Whitney offered that muni defaults would begin to rise. She was laughed out of the building.

Ray Dalio is CEO of Bridgewater Associates, one of the largest hedge funds in the world. Ray takes into account not just the numbers as his theories about investing are more all encompassing about where we are in the cycles of debt and the economy while taking into account social and political factors. In his latest blog post on LinkedIn he had this to say on the current environment. We have taken Ray’s thoughts and applied them to muni bond investing. Time to think about a gradual squeeze in muni’s and rising default rates?  https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/big-picture-ray-dalio

At the same time, the longer-term picture is concerning because we have a lot of debt and a lot of non-debt obligations (pensions, healthcare entitlements, social security, etc.) coming due, which will increasingly create a “squeeze”; this squeeze will come gradually, not as a shock, and will hurt those who are now most in distress the hardest.

Central banks’ powers to rectify these problems are more limited than normal, which adds to the downside risks. Central banks’ powers to ease are less than normal because they have limited abilities to lower interest rates from where they are and because increased QE would be less effective than normal with risk premiums where they are. Similarly, effective fiscal policy help is more elusive because of political fragmentation.

Wells Fargo’s unauthorized account scandal is growing. It is now estimated that they created over 3.5 million accounts. If you are still with a traditional broker and not a fiduciary you should ask yourself, “Why?”

Commodities continue to have a rough go of it. Iron ore, copper, and rubber are all well off of their highs with iron ore down 20% and rubber down 30%. The tightening of money in China is having a chilling effect on commodity prices around the globe. West Texas Crude (WTI) rose about 3% on the week but is still under the crucial $50 a barrel mark. Keep an eye on oil for clues about the economy and stock market. The Saudi’s are looking to IPO their precious Saudi Aramco, the largest oil company in the world, and are going to want oil prices higher in order to get more money into their treasury. The Iranians and the Russians may try and pump more oil in order to push prices lower as their interests run counter to the Saudi’s. OPEC meets on May 25th. Oil has been on a roller coaster in 2017 and we do not think that the second half of the year will be any different.

The market is still stuck in consolidation mode. The S&P 500’s leadership continues to help pull the index higher while the amount of stocks above their 50 day moving average drops from 80% to 50%. Things are getting narrow at the top. This could be another sign that investors should be adding active management back into their portfolio. Stock trends continue as Hong Kong, England, Brazil, Japan, and the US all continue to consolidate gains or head higher. China? Not so much. Hard to argue against the bull thesis as the market continue to hold gains or plow higher. We think a southern neighbor could be the next leading stock market.

We still expect the market to break out of its recent range to the upside and in favor of the bulls. More often than not when a market consolidates a major move it breaks out of that pattern the same way that it came into it. It’s all about momentum and the animal spirits of the market.

If you are not currently receiving our blog by email you can sign up for free at https://terencereilly.wordpress.com/ .

I  think we aspire less to foresee the future and more to be a great contingency planner… you can respond very fast to what’s happening because you thought through all the possibilities, – Lloyd  Blankfein

To learn more about us and Blackthorn Asset Management LLC visit our website at www.BlackthornAsset.com  or check out our LinkedIn page at https://www.linkedin.com/in/terencereilly/ .

 

A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty. – Winston Churchill

 

Disclosure: This blog is informational and is not a recommendation to buy or sell anything. If you are thinking about investing consider the risk. Everyone’s financial situation is different. Consult your financial advisor.

 

Published in: on May 13, 2017 at 8:51 am  Leave a Comment  
Tags: , , ,

Crackdown, Smackdown and Fever

Two areas of asset pricing that we always keep an eye on in an attempt to decipher the market’s next move are US Treasuries and the oil patch. Let’s take a look at the current oil market and the commodity sector. Falling oil prices indicate lessening demand and therefore a lagging economy. In a nasty selloff oil is now down 11% in the last 3 weeks. There are rumors of major oil focused hedge funds liquidating or taking all risk off of their books as the price of oil swiftly moves lower. All of this while copper takes a tumble too. A falling oil price (and copper for that matter) does not bode well for the economy, high yield stocks or the stock market. When we talk weak commodities our thoughts immediately turn to China. The recent selloff in the commodity sector is being linked to a tightening of monetary conditions in China. A crackdown by the Chinese government is leading to higher interest rates and a tightening of the money supply in an effort to deleverage the economy. That, in turn, leads to lower commodity prices as China is one of the world’s largest consumers of commodities. A slowdown in China needs to be on our radar.

We have also been seeing a drift lower in hard data on the US economy. This data has been dragging since the failure of Trump & Co. to repeal Obama Care the first time in March. It seems that the market is waiting on some good to come out of Washington DC. We should never count on anything to come out of Washington DC.

The market is stuck in consolidation mode. In spite of recent data on a slowing economy we still expect the market to break out of its recent range to the upside and in favor of the bulls. More often than not when a market consolidates a major move it breaks out of that pattern the same way that it came into it. It’s all about momentum and the animal spirits of the market. That would mean we break out to the upside. There are lots of negatives about like weak US data, a Chinese slowdown and massive insider selling by US Corporate executives but the market refuses to break down. Many astute investors are warning about valuations in the market and are taking down risk.  They could be forced to chase the market higher adding fuel to the fire of animal spirits.

There is currently a massive speculative fervor in the crypto currencies like Bit Coin and Ethereum. A speculative fever has broken out and it is suspected that a lot of that money is coming out of China as capital controls are implemented and from Japan where a tax on investing in crypto currencies is going to be waived soon. Please approach with caution! This market is moving fast.

This may be a bit too inside baseball but the lack of volatility is important to watch. One of the most popular trades on the street over the last few years has been to sell volatility. Massive selling of volatility compresses the price of volatility, the numbers of players executing this strategy increases with the trade’s success and it brings in more and more investors to the trade. The word is that 95% of the float in VXX (Volatility ETN) is being used to short volatility. Ladies and gentlemen 30% would be large, but 95%!! The boat is listing to port as too many investors are in on this trade. This will explode violently in their faces. We don’t know when but it will. It always does. The risk parity trade and the selling of volatility combined with the reliance on passive investing ETF’s with High Frequency Trading market makers create a structural weakness in the market and will at some point create an opportunity for those with cash when the time comes. Forewarned is forearmed.

If you are not currently receiving our blog by email you can sign up for free at https://terencereilly.wordpress.com/ .

I  think we aspire less to foresee the future and more to be a great contingency planner… you can respond very fast to what’s happening because you thought through all the possibilities, – Lloyd  Blankfein

To learn more about us and Blackthorn Asset Management LLC visit our website at www.BlackthornAsset.com  or check out our LinkedIn page at https://www.linkedin.com/in/terencereilly/ .

A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty. – Winston Churchill

Disclosure: This blog is informational and is not a recommendation to buy or sell anything. If you are thinking about investing consider the risk. Everyone’s financial situation is different. Consult your financial advisor.